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Fast Facts About Istanbul

location of istanbul in TurkeyPopulation : 10.034.830 [1] (2006)
Area : 1.538,77 km²
Population density : 6521 inh./km²
Elevation : 100 m
Coordinates : 41°00' N 29°00' E
Area code : (0090)+ 212 (European side), 216 (Anatolian side)
Licence plate code 34
Currency : New Turkish Lira (YTL)
Time Zone : GMT/UTC +2 ()
Electricity : 220V 50HzHz
Electric Plug Details : European plug with two circular metal pins

The largest city of Turkey, in the northwest part of the country on both sides of the Bosporus at its entrance into the Sea of Marmara. Founded c. 660 B.C. as Byzantium, it was renamed Constantinople in A.D. 330 by Constantine the Great, who made it the capital of the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire. The city was sacked by Crusaders in 1204 and taken by the Turks in 1453. Istanbul was chosen as the official name in 1930. Population: 11,800,000.

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